There are many health benefits to drinking all teas. This is especially true of green tea. The reason that green tea is better for you than most other teas is because of the way it is processed.
All tea comes from the Camellia Sinensis plant. “Herbal Teas” are not really tea and are more properly call herbal infusions. The harvesting and processing method used will determine which of the four major categories a particular tea will become. The categories are White Tea, Green Tea, Oolong Tea, and Black Tea.
White Tea is made from only the young leaves of the Camellia Sinensis plant. The leaves are then steamed and dried, to prevent fermentation.
To make green tea the leaves are allowed to wither, the leaves are then steamed or pan fried. They are then rolled and dried.
Oolong tea is kind of a cross between green and black teas. The tea is withered and bruised. It is then allowed to partially ferment before it is pan fried to stop the fermentation process.
Black tea is wither, and then allowed to fully ferment. The final processing step is to cook the tea. There are many ways to do this, each creating a different style of black tea.
Green tea is more beneficial than the Oolong and black teas because it is not fermented. The fermentation process decreases the chemicals in the tea that are good for you, and increases the caffeine in the tea.
A cup of green tea has only about 5% of the caffeine that a cup of coffee has. By comparison black tea has about 30% of the caffeine of a cup of coffee.
So what makes green tea so good?
1. It is high in Polyphenols. Although it is not proven Polyphenols may prevent cardiovascular disease, and may prevent cancer. Polyphenols also increase the rate at which calories are burned.
Another benefit of Polyphenols is that they have been shown to kill the bacteria that cause bad breath.
2. It contains fluoride. Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay and cavities.
3. It contains virtually no calories. When tea is consumed without sugar or milk it has virtually no calories.
4. It contains only a small amount of caffeine. Compare to coffee and soda green tea has only a small amount of caffeine. Green Tea only has about 5% of the caffeine that a cup of coffee has.
5. It has bacteria killing properties. The batteries killing properties help prevent food posing, help prevent gingivitis and kills the bacteria that causes plaque.